An appeal has been sent to Nigerians to desist from living in overcrowded rooms and promptly seek medical advice when they are down with fever in order to prevent an outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CMS).
The appeal was made by the Nigeria Center for Disease Contol (NCDC).
The center for disease control gave the warning as Nigeria enters the beginning of the CSM season which usually run from November through April but reaches its peak in April.
Nigeria is one of the African countries that usually experience an outbreak of this disease with high occurrences in about 26 states of the federation including the FCT.
These state are: Zamfara, Katsina, Sokoto, Kebbi, Niger,Adamawa, Yobe, Gombe Nasarawa, Borno, Cross River, Jigawa, Taraba, Kaduna, Kano, Lagos, Plateau, Osun, FCT.
CSM is a disease that caused the swelling of the membrane of the throat and the spinal cord. There are different classes of bacterial meningitis in Nigeria and they are A, B, C, W, X, and Y.
A total of 1,166 deaths occurred between December 2016 and June 23, 2017, out of the many cases that were reported.
Statistics show meningitis affects children between the ages of five to fourteen more as those within this age range accounted for 6,791 reported cases out of 14,513 cases reported in 24 states.
NCDC advised other states not listed among the 26 prone states to take precautions as the disease could spread through human contacts.
“It is important to note that Nigeria experienced a large outbreak of meningitis during 2016/2017 season and with State’s support, we achieved over 70 percent reduction in cases and deaths during the 2017/2018 season and it is possible to prevent more cases/ deaths this season (2018/2019) if we are early.
“Therefore, this is a wakeup call to all states to be better prepared to respond in event of an outbreak. As such, states are requested to intensify their support for the meningitis season by strengthening active surveillance and notification for meningitis in communities and health facilities using standard case definition.”