Nigeria Ranks Highest In Tuberculosis Cases In Africa – Natural Junkie

Nigeria Ranks Highest In Tuberculosis Cases In Africa - Natural Junkie

Dr. Adebola Lawason, the National Coordinator of The National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP), Department of the Federal Ministry of Health has revealed Nigeria has the highest number of people infected with tuberculosis (TB) in Africa.

Dr. Lawason, represented by Mrs. O. Shofowora made this known while speaking during a workshop which was organized by the ministry of health in conjunction with the Breakthrough Action and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) for health reporters in Nasarawa State.

According to her, tuberculosis is one of the top 10 death causes and Nigeria is currently grouped with 30 other countries with a high burden of TB, Multi-Drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) and TB/HIV.

She said, “Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which affects mostly the lungs. It is called pulmonary tuberculosis. Our goal is to achieve a 50 percent reduction in the TB prevalence rate and a 75 percent reduction in TB mortality rate; that is, excluding those that are co-infected with HIV by 2025,”

“Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which affects mostly the lungs. It is called pulmonary tuberculosis. Our goal is to achieve a 50 percent reduction in the TB prevalence rate and a 75 percent reduction in TB mortality rate; that is, excluding those that are co-infected with HIV by 2025,” she said.

“TB is transmitted when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or spites into the atmosphere. A persistent cough of up to two weeks or more may be due to TB and may need further investigation. Our health-seeking behavior is that we go to the chemist first before going to the hospital; we need to change this behavior. Loss of weight, excessive sweat, and loss of appetite are part of the signs of TB.

“TB is curable and the patient is not infectious after two to three weeks of treatment. The test and drugs are also free at least in all public hospitals and some private hospitals. If anyone shows some of the signs of TB, all the person needs to do is subject himself to test. If it is confirmed to be TB, the drugs will be given to him for free.

“Once a patient is put under medication, he or she must finish the drugs so that the bacteria are expunged from the body. Preventive measures are to avoid poorly ventilated and overcrowded environments; cover mouth properly when coughing and not spitting indiscriminately in the public; early detection of TB, diagnosed promptly, and early commencement of treatment will reduce the ability of the patient to infect others; also, eating a balanced diet to avoid malnutrition,” she concluded.

The Nation